Common Lacrosse Goalie Injuries & How To Treat or Prevent Them
By Coach Damon on October 31, 2016
In the past few weeks I’ve received a couple emails from different lacrosse goalies about injuries and how to treat them.
As some lacrosse goalies are now starting fall ball and beginning to play after a long lay off injuries might be effecting your body.
I invited my brother-in-law, physical trainer, and Lax Goalie Rat’s own Body Conditioning & Corrective Exercise Specialist Coach Rob to write up his thoughts on common lacrosse and lacrosse goalie injuries and how to treat and recover from them.
If you don’t remember Coach Rob, he’s the author behind these posts related to physical conditioning and the body for lacrosse goalie athletes:
Coach Rob says this throughout his post but its worth repeating – consult a doctor before taking any of this advice.
Enter Coach Rob
In any sport there is a possibility of injury. Some are more severe than others and there are various types. We will talk about a few of the more common injuries suffered by lacrosse athletes.
Before starting any treatments or attempting to self-diagnose, it is always recommended you first seek the advice of a medical doctor.
Common Lacrosse Injuries: Hamstring Pulls
An athlete experiences an injury to the rear-upper part of the leg, just under the glute, usually a sharp “bite” feeling while sprinting or changing direction suddenly.
A small amount of discoloration may appear in the area. If there is severe discoloration, then it is definitely recommended you seek medical advice from your doctor.
In minor cases the most effective treatment is rest, ice, and elevation.
Once the back of the lag feels more tight than sharp, heat can be applied instead of ice to promote blood flow. It should be ok to lightly start riding the bike, getting massaged/foam rolling and stretching.
Work with a trainer or physical therapist to properly increase the difficulty of your program at the correct pace.
It is not recommended to try and play through a hamstring injury of any kind as doing so may result in a partial or complete tear of the muscle and a longer recovery.
Strengthening exercises to help recover and prevent injury include:
- Jogging in a pool
- Leg extensions
- Box Squats
- Bosu Ball Squats
- Straight-legged Dead Lifts
- Leg Swings (Back/Forth & Laterally)
Common Lacrosse Injuries: Ankle Sprains
An athlete experiences injury to the ankle joint, usually by rolling during running or jumping or by getting stepped on by another player during play.
Immediately place ice on the ankle and elevate it above the heart to reduce swelling.
Return to activity is dependent on the level of pain. Many athletes play through minor ankle sprains after getting the ankle wrapped and/or bracing the ankle.
Keep in mind, playing through any injury may prolong and/or increase pain and recovery time.
A bruised or cut ankle due to being stepped on may be more tolerable as long as there are no breaks. Ice and elevation is still recommended in this case.
Exercises to strengthen and recover from ankle sprains include:
- Calf Stretches
- Calf Raises
- Ankle Rotations
- Single-Legged Balancing while performing upper body rubber band and/or dumbbell exercises (i.e. rubber band row while on one foot)
Common Lacrosse Injuries: Knee Sprains
An athlete experiences sudden sharp pain to the knee area, this is possible with and without contact of another athlete.
Knee injuries should definitely be looked at by your doctor as they are difficult to diagnose as far as severity.
More minor knee injuries can be treated with rest, ice, and elevation.
Keeping the hamstrings flexible during this entire process is very important. Work with a trainer or physical therapist to strengthen the knee according to your specific case.
Slowly return to activity, listen to your body.
Strengthening exercises may include:
- Bike riding
- Jogging in water
- Leg extensions
- Straight-legged Deadlifts
- Lateral leg lifts
- Reverse Kicks
- Any exercises which involves balance will help big time
Always seek the advice of your doctor before deciding whether or not to play through an injury of any type. Although there are many similarities in the human body, everybody’s case is different and requires specific care and rehabilitation program design.
Common Lacrosse Injuries: Contusions / Bruises
Lacrosse goalies don’t wear much padding and are thus very susceptible to contusions or bruises.
Most bruises will be minor and will simply cause discomfort to the athlete.
RICE – Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation can be used to treat deeper contusions or multiple bruises to the same part of the body.
The goal of that therapy is to minimize hemorrhage, minimize inflammation and control pain.
(Coach Damon – For more info on this one checkout my full treatment guide for lacrosse goalie bruises).
Common Lacrosse Injuries: Thumb Sprains
Talk to any lacrosse goalie who has been playing the sport long enough and sure enough they’ll have a gruesome story (perhaps even an accompanying photo) of a thumb injury sustained from a shot.
Because of the way a lacrosse goalie sets up with their wrist behind the shaft, the thumb is exposed.
Your best bet in avoiding a thumb sprain is prevention via a pair of high protection lacrosse goalie gloves. Lacrosse goalie gloves have a reinforced thumb that will help prevent injury when your thumb inevitably gets hit by a shot.
Coach Damon: You’ll specifically want to focus on preventing thumb injuries in practice since you’ll see way more shots in practice than in games and the risk of injury is much higher there. You also don’t have to worry about any rules or how the gloves look. Safety is the only priority. I’ve crafted hunks of strong plastic and just taped them on or fashioned a protective thumb device out of an old pair of gloves.
Unfortunately, even with lacrosse goalie gloves thumb sprains can still occur.
Sprained thumbs can be treated in the same way that sprained knees – RICE: rest, ice, compression, elevation. Taping of the thumb underneath the glove can help serve as a preventative measure to avoid thumb injuries.
Exercises to strengthen the thumb joint include:
- Thumb active range of motion
- Wrist range of motion
- Flexion: Gently bend your wrist forward.
- Extension: Gently bend your wrist backward.
- Side to side: Gently move your wrist from side to side (a handshake motion).
- Thumb strengthening: Pick up small objects, such as paper clips, pencils, and coins, using your thumb and each of your other fingers, one at a time.
- Grip strengthening: Squeeze a soft rubber ball.
Always seek the advice of your doctor before deciding whether or not to play through an injury of any type.
Conclusion – Back to Coach Damon
First of all, thanks to Coach Rob for typing up this piece on common lacrosse goalie injuries and how to both prevent and recovery from them.
Second of all, I’m a lacrosse goalie coach, I’m not a doctor nor do I pretend to be one on the internet. Seek the advice of your doctor before deciding whether or not to play through an injury of any type or before self-diagnosing.
An injured goalie cannot make saves. So to best serve your team and your career keep your body healthy.
Hopefully this post was helpful for you in identifying common goalie injuries and what you can do to prevent them or recover from them.
Until next time! Coach Damon
Anyone had a different injury while playing goalie? Would love to hear your stories of injuries you’ve dealt with. Leave me a comment down below.